Deep dive into Windows Server Containers and Docker – Part 2 – Underlying implementation of Windows Server Containers

With the introduction of Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 3 in August 2015, Microsoft enabled the container technology on the Windows platform. While Linux had its container technology since August 2008 such functionality was not supported on Microsoft operating systems before. Thanks to the success of Docker on Linux, Microsoft decided almost 3 years ago to start working on a container implementation for Windows. Since September 2016 we are able to work with a public released version of this new container technology in Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10. But what is the difference between containers and VMs? And how are Windows containers implemented internally within the Windows architecture? In this blogpost we’ll dive into the underlying implementation of containers on Windows. Containers vs VMs Many container introductions start with the phrase that “Containers are lightweight VMs”. Although this may help people to get a conceptual understanding of what containers are,  it is important to notice that this statement is a 100% wrong and can be very